The evolution of NASA’s astronaut clothing from the beginning and the next possible models
- By : Noro
- Category : news, Sci Tech, Tech Industry
- Tags: Apollo Spaceship Dress (1967 to 1975), CST-100 Starliner Boeing Flight Dresses (Will Be Entered By 2018), Gemini Astronaut (1965 to 1966), Launcher and Sokol landing gear (used now), Mercury Astronaut (1961 to 1963), NASA, NASA's astronaut clothing, SpaceX flying dragon flying dress (will be served by the end of 2018), Spider-Man Dress (Unspecified Entry Date), The astronaut's clothes will be used to march on another level of Z-2 planets (entered the service in the 2030s)
As you know, the space outside the atmosphere of the Earth is empty, and if this does not stop humanity, other things like cosmic radiation will surely kill him. Consequently, the world’s space agencies, and at the forefront of them, have always sought to develop an appropriate and advanced astronaut to enhance the livelihood of humans in the outer atmosphere of the Earth’s atmosphere.
Nearly sixty years ago NASA and other research institutes have used the highest level of knowledge in various fields to protect the lives of astronauts who, in the name of science, step into the unknown world. If everything goes according to the plan, the next generation of astronauts will transform the ability of humans to explore the world.
In the following, you will learn about the various astronauts that NASA has used over the years and the models that are coming into service:
The Mercury project (Mercury) was the beginning of the American presence in space. NASA’s National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in order to protect the astronauts from the sudden collapse of pressure outside the Earth’s atmosphere, developed its first astronaut on the US Navy’s anti-pressure pilot suit.
The clothing was inside a layer of nylon coated with neoprene (a kind of polymer) and outside the other layer of “aluminum nylon lined” to keep the astronaut’s temperature as stable as possible. Mercury was used by six astronauts, and then NASA went to the museum.
Gemini ( JOZA ) was NASA’s second space program, pursuing ambitious goals. The Gemini Space Capsule was able to carry two astronauts and could carry out a two-week mission.
David Clark has been designing astronauts for this mission, and has made the product more flexible and easier than the Mercury model. In order to make the astronauts as comfortable as possible, the company had provided an independent air conditioning system for Gemini clothes that cooled the astronaut’s body before connecting to the spacecraft’s central air conditioning system.The weight was 7.5 to 15.5 kg.
Gemini Spaceship Dress (1965 to 1966)
A special version of the Gemini cosmic dress was also developed with the G4C code, which had a higher resistance to void conditions, in order to provide astronauts better protection during space marches.
The version was connected to the spacecraft with a hose to give the astronauts the oxygen needed. Of course, some models were also equipped with an oxygen tank and provided space shuttles for up to 30 minutes. The weight of these models was ultimately 16kg.
The Apollo spatial plan was designed with the purpose of traveling to the moon. For this reason, in order to meet the unpredictable moon-level conditions, astronauts needed a more secure clothing than previous models.
The first humans left on the moon should be protected against extreme temperatures (which occurred between shadows and under the ksun). They also need a protective shield against regatta (the moon’s surface moon, which is like a winning glass) and should be sampled for hours away from the spacecraft.
The coat designed for this mission consisted of several layers of solid fibers and had a powerful life support system (temperature and oxygen control). Each Apollo mission weighed 81 kg on the ground, which dropped to one-sixth on the moon’s surface (due to gravity reduction).
The first space shuttle flying clothes (1981)
The mission, STS-1, was the first NASA airborne mission in the space shuttle program. The 100-ton Columbia orbiter, the first of its kind, took two astronauts out of the atmosphere during the mission and returned to the ground after 37 rounds of orbit.
On STS-1 mission, astronauts did not get out of the orbiter, so their clothes were designed exclusively for jumping in an emergency. These flying suits, like the Mercury model, were developed on the basis of an army’s anti-pressure pilot uniform.
Occupational clothing (1983 to date)
The shuttle astronauts regularly ran space for the maintenance of satellites and the International Space Station; therefore, NASA developed a special outfit for space work.
The clothing was made up of 14 layers of rugged material, and lasted for eight hours under harsh conditions of astronauts’ lives.It’s interesting to know that dressing in NASA’s space with all the equipment on the ground weighs as much as 145 kilograms.
NASA has also designed a jetpack for their work clothes, so that astronauts can move more easily in the vacuum. Residents of the International Space Station are now using the more advanced version of NASA’s clothing service for station maintenance.
Space shuttle operational flight (1988 to 2011)
The clothing that astronauts wear during the NASA Space Shuttle program was known as “Pumpkin Clothing”, which was named for the similarity of the colors of the dress with the Pumpkin on the tongues.
The shuttle operational flight suit was equipped with two gloves with a rugged metal lock, and it uses a liquid cooling system, improved air conditioning and more protective layers than the prototype.
The white dress with the blue lines that NASA’s astronauts are these days is, in fact, a Russian uniform called Sokol or Shaheen, which is similar to the shuttle’s operational flight suit.
Sokol dresses weigh only 10 kilograms and are available to astronauts who go to space and international space with the Russian Soyuz capsule. Interestingly, NASA, after retiring the space shuttle, pays a high cost for using Russian equipment.
NASA currently spends $ 80 million worth of travel to and from the International Space Station for a significant amount. The organization therefore plans to significantly reduce its costs by investing in private space companies and sharing knowledge with them.
One of these companies is the company SpaceX owned by the famous entrepreneur, Ilan Mask, who designed high-quality astronaut for use on the Dragon spacecraft. The spacecraft is scheduled to take trips to the International Space Station as well as to circle the orbit of the moon.
In a speech in early 2018, Ilan Mask stated that the design and development of this “beautiful” and applied astronaut took three years. SpaceX, which has already launched an artificial dummy with its astronaut, plans to make the first astronaut by the end of this year with this dress and dragon spacecraft.
Boeing is the second largest company that NASA plans to use as a private taxi service. The company, known amongst the general public to manufacture airplanes, has developed a lightweight (5.5 kg) blue dress, which, unlike other specimens, has a special zipper on the neck instead of a metallic ring. And insulated.
Boeing is hoping to send its first astronauts to the spacecraft and the CST-100 Starliner spacecraft in early November this year, and will launch its space transportation system by the beginning of 2019.
The astronaut’s clothes will be used to march on another level of Z-2 planets (entered the service in the 2030s)
In order to respond to its ambitious plans, such as the landing of man on Mars in the 2030s, NASA needs advanced ultraviolet clothing to be easily used on spacecraft and on the planet’s surface.
The Z-2 astronaut’s project is also being developed for this purpose, with its low weight and high durability, allowing astronauts to easily navigate and sample the surface of Mars or the moon.
It should be noted that wearing and removing clothes from the body of the Z-2 is one of the most important benefits. NASA has also announced that the size of this dress is adjustable on the shoulder and waist, with which astronauts can use a single uniform with different physical dimensions.
Planets are not the only landing site for astronauts; one of the great places Lockheed Martin has proposed for exploration and landing, ” Phobos ” is a moon of Mars, which, by its very small size, creates a fraction of 1 percent of Earth’s gravity.
Lockheed Martin offers a spider-style astronaut to move on the surface of the Phobos (which has plenty of freeze-to-use fuels), which uses eight foot and rocket forces to crawl, walk and jump on different surfaces with The amount of gravity is different.
Of course, NASA has not yet approved Lockheed Martin’s design, but this idea represents the upward path of astronauts to meet the growing needs of space exploration.