E-readers have been able to survive alongside tablets thanks to cheap, high-battery prices. But the idea of a portable device that can read posts under a particular format is older than you might think. In principle, the original idea of these devices should be searched about a century ago in 1920; in a device called Fisk Reader Machine
Bradley Allen Fisk , inventor of the device, was born in 1854 and spent a long and famous career in the US Navy. He succeeded in reaching the goalkeeper and, of course, not just a navy officer; Fisk was also an inventor.
He was involved in the advancement of various technologies in the field of warfare; a special telescopic observation system for artillery ships, an electric spacers, turret holders equipped with an engine and radio systems, and the launch of torpedoes were part of his inventions.
Fisk was retired at the age of 60. Only a year later, World War I began, but still at this age of his enthusiasm, nothing new had been achieved. While many of the adventures behind the most important inventions have disappeared over time, there is no trace of them, but this does not apply to the Fisk Reader.
The Fisk Reader, or in other words, his reader, was published in 1922 by the accredited American Journal of Science and Technology, and in May 1926, Miami News and Papillory Mechanics were given the machine.
The reader machine included a metallic body with a handle, with a magnifying lens for viewing with one eye along with a cover for the other eye. Bradley Fisk used the image engraving technique to print text in very small dimensions on cards measuring 15 by 2 centimeters. These dimensions were very small according to the standards of those days of publications or even for observation by the human eye.
The user could insert the card into the Fisk Reader and use the zoom lens to read the carved text. Additionally, by moving the card or eye, they saw different columns of printed text (engraved).
Although the idea seemed simple, it was, in its own way, a genius to squeeze texts into a pocket-sized device. Fisk put his book “Innocent Abroad”, Mark Twain (plainly known as “Delane on a ferry journey”), into only 13 cards to present his idea to journalists; a book of about 93,000 words.
Bradley Fisk believed that his device, working with only one hand, could have transformed the publishing industry. Thanks to his creativity, books and magazines could be sold at much lower prices. In addition, the cost of materials, production, supply and space required for the maintenance of publications also decreased.
He thought in his mind that through a new reader, magazines would be distributed at a low cost by post, and more importantly, anyone with any income could have access to educational content or entertainment. Between 1920 and 1935, Fisk recorded 11 patents for his singer machine.
The creative inventor described various design models, one of which referred to paper pulleys that could be used instead of paper cards, and the user rotate it to easily view the engraved content on all parts. Slowly
He also produced several prototypes of his car, now one of his examples being kept at the Rosenbach Museum in Philadelphia. Eventually, the Fisk reader never made mass production, but at the same time attracted media attention.
But while Bradley Fisk was busy with his car, micro-films were attracting attention. It seems to be the first time around the late 1850’s that micro-photographic (very small-scale imaging that saw the images recorded in this way requires a magnifying device) was popular. However, its use as a medium for storing information began in the 1920s.
Microscopy succeeded in opening its way to business, and in 1935, Kodak released a copy of the New York Times on a 35 mm microfilm. In the following, this method became a standard for archiving. Ultimately, however, the idea of miniature novels and portable reader devices that was in the mind of Bradley Fisk did not turn out to be true.
Just a few years later, in 1949, the Spanish teacher Angela Royaz Rabbles, a mechanical encyclopedia, offered a more advanced way to compress information. According to his idea, he used scribbles along with different mechanisms to accommodate text and sound in small qualities. This allowed the replacement of several books on the device.
In 1991, Sony unveiled the ” Data DiscMan “, which was technically the first electronic reader, followed by examples of its successor with monochrome LCD displays.
In the mid-1990s, researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) developed electronic inkjet printers ( E Ink ) that could be considered as the latest piece of electronic reader puzzles.
Now companies like Amazon, Sony Kubo, Barnes & Nobles, and … offer their advanced book readers that offer thousands of books and magazines in small sizes and with a decent battery charge.